Scope of hematology

Scope of hematology

Hematology is the study of blood, blood forming tissues and organs, and blood disorders.

Hematology is practiced by specialists in the field who deal with the diagnosis, treatment and overall management of people with blood disorders ranging from anemia to blood cancer.

Because blood runs through every organ and tissue in the body, hematology has an enormous ripple effect extending to all fields of medicine. Modern advances made by hematologists have helped millions of people around the world, not only with blood disorders but also with heart disease, stroke, and scores of inherited diseases.

In the last 50 years alone, substantial strides have been made in the research, treatment, and prevention of blood diseases e.g. Cure of Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL), Targeted Therapy (“smart” drugs) for Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML), Targeted Therapy for Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (APL), Improved Survival in Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), Cure of Hodgkin Lymphoma, Immunotherapy for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma, Improved Therapy and Survival in Multiple Myeloma, Development of Effective Treatments for Blood Clots, Development of Clotting Factor Concentrates for Hemophilia Therapy, Improved Transfusion Therapy Through Screening for Infectious Agents, Effective Prenatal Diagnosis of Abnormal Hemoglobins, Development of Diagnostic Techniques to Prevent Stroke in Sickle Cell Disease, Development of Successful Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Cloning of Erythropoietin and Development of Recombinant Epo Clinical Use, and Immunotherapy for Aplastic Anemia.

Some of the diseases treated by hematologists include:

References:

Advances in Hematology http://www.hematology.org/Patients/Basics/Advances.aspx

Choosing Hematology as a Medical Student http://www.hematology.org/Trainees/Choose-Hematology/

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Scope of hematology
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Scope of hematology
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In the last 50 years alone, substantial strides have been made in the research, treatment, and prevention of blood diseases.
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askhematologist.com
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4 comments

  • Avatar farrukh

    sir what is scope of this subject in Pakistan..what are the merits snd demerits of this subject..is this subject suitable for female..?kindly guide me

    • Hi Farrukh,
      Thank you for your comment.
      I’m not from Pakistan, so I couldn’t answer your question regarding the scope of Hematology there.
      Generally speaking, Clinical Hematology is a branch of Internal Medicine, and you should study and specialize in Medicine before you sub-specialize in Hematology.
      The Hematologist job is suitable for both males and females, it doesn’t matter.
      BW,

  • Avatar Parash

    Hello sir
    Whats the scope of hematology in 10-15 years ..??

    • Hi Parash,
      Thank you for the good question.
      I do expect based on the recent advances in targeted therapy and the use of Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) in leukemias and lymphomas that the role of chemotherapy will get less in the future. I do also expect that gene therapy will have more clinical implications. Gene therapy holds promise for treating a wide range of diseases, such as cancer, cystic fibrosis, heart disease, diabetes, hemophilia and AIDS.
      BW,

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